## Concepts and Definitions

Distribution of residents in the labour force by sex Distribution of employed residents by age Distribution of unemployed residents by educational attainment Distribution of job vacancies by industry Distribution of workers made redundant by occupation

Distribution data shows how a group can be classified into subgroups based on different characteristics. It expresses the number of units in the subgroup as a percentage of the total number of units in the group being considered.

**How to compute percentage distribution?**

_{1}be the number in subgroup 1, N

_{2}be the number in subgroup 2, and so on.

**Example 1**

Suppose you want to find out the sex distribution of residents in the labour force in Singapore.

In this case,

the target group is resident labour force in Singapore,

and the characteristic used in the classification is sex.

The number of residents in the labour force in Singapore in June 2010 are as follows:

Total: 2,047,300

Males: 1,151,600

Females: 895,700

The percentage distribution figures are computed as follows:

That is, of the 2,047,300 residents in Singapore's labour force in 2010, 56.2% were males and 43.8% were females.

**Example 2**

Suppose you would like to know the educational profile of unemployed residents in Singapore in June 2010.

In this case,

the target group is unemployed residents in Singapore,

and the characteristic used in the classification is educational attainment (also known as highest qualification attained).

The number of unemployed residents in Singapore in June 2010 are as follows:

Total: 84,400

Below Secondary: 20,600

Secondary: 17,200

Post-Secondary (Non-Tertiary): 11,500

Diploma & Professional Qualification: 14,300

Degree: 20,800

The percentage distribution figures are computed as follows:

Of the 84,400 unemployed residents in Singapore in June 2010,

24.4% were below-secondary educated, 20.4% had secondary education, 13.6% were from the post-secondary (non-tertiary) group, 16.9% had diploma/professional qualifications and 24.6% were degree holders.