Concepts and Definitions

A Trade Union is a group or association of workers or employers whose principal objective is to regulate relations between workers and employers for all or any of the following purposes:

promote good industrial relations;​
• ​​ improve the working conditions of workers or enhance their  economic and social status; and ​​
•​ raise productivity for the benefit of workers, employers and the overall economy. ​​

A Trade Dispute refers to any dispute between and among workers and employers relating to employment, non-employment, terms of employment or conditions of work.

A Collective Agreement is an agreement between employers and employees on employment, non-employment, terms of employment or conditions of work. The duration of a collective agreement is specified and by law shall not be less than two years or more than three years.

An Industrial Arbitration Court Award refers to an award made by the Industrial Arbitration Court (IAC), and includes a collective agreement and a memorandum of the terms which have been certified by the President of the IAC in accordance with the provision of the Industrial Relations Act.